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From "garbage surrounding the village" to picturesque scenery, Huaxin Cement helps the rural appearance "counter attack"

release date: the research team has developed a simple, economic and environmental protection method source: Zhuzhou

"the land is flat, the houses are like, and there is a good land, Meichi mulberry and bamboo." TaoYuanming's peach blossom garden embodies people's beautiful longing for rural life

but in real life, white garbage floats everywhere, piles of garbage in corners and corners, and the stink of open-air garbage pools once plagued most rural areas in China

since 2018, Zhuzhou City has issued the three-year action implementation plan for the improvement of Zhuzhou's human settlements, proposing to take the improvement of rural human settlements as the "first hard battle" of the city's Rural Revitalization Strategy, in which the focus is on "garbage mountain", "garbage island" and "garbage village" in the treatment of domestic waste

after two years, great changes have taken place in Zhuzhou rural domestic waste treatment. Rural household garbage in all administrative villages in the city has been effectively treated, and the treatment results are among the best in the assessment of Rural Revitalization in Hunan Province. At the provincial Video Conference on promoting rural domestic waste treatment held recently, Zhuzhou, as the only representative of the city and state, made a typical speech

how to promote rural domestic waste treatment in Zhuzhou? How to achieve sustainability? Recently, I went to many villages to visit the governance experience of Zhuzhou City

a why governance

a large amount of garbage pollutes the environment and endangers the health of villagers

starting from the urban area, driving all the way north, driving along the winding road for half an hour, you come to Dachong village, Qingshuitang street, Shifeng District. At the foot of Jiulang mountain, Dachong village, which is clean and tidy, is a beautiful village at the provincial level. The flowers in the flower field are blooming, the trees on both sides of the road are lined, the martyrs' former residence is solemn, and the local good rural ecological landscape and cultural characteristics have attracted many tourists

"a few years ago, it was not like this." On June 23, standing in front of his house, the villager Ling Zhi threw a bag of garbage into the trash can at the door, clapped her hands and said that the price was higher. More than ten years ago, when she first married to Dachong village, it was no different from ordinary rural areas

"due to the long-term lack of the concept of garbage disposal, the garbage of each household is dumped in front of and behind the house. When cats and dogs dig, or the wind blows, plastic bags and wrapping paper are all over the village, and some corners of the village are simply garbage dumps." Recalling the past, Ling Zhi couldn't help frowning

Xiangdong village, Nanzhou Town, Lukou District, has also experienced the "garbage enclosure village". Xiangdong village, with a population of more than 3800, is a large vegetable planting village. Vegetable planting solves the livelihood of villagers, but it also produces a lot of white garbage

"in the past, garbage disposal was to throw garbage from visible places to invisible places." Speaking of the "black history" of that year, Cao Chuang, Secretary of the general Party branch of Xiangdong village, looked sad, "The film and pesticide bottles left by the greenhouse planting are everywhere. The plastic bags used by the villagers to buy and sell vegetables are thrown into the open-air garbage pool on the roadside or by the river. As long as it rains, the garbage in the river is washed away and flows into the Xiangjiang River. But the garbage in the garbage pool can't be washed away. The villagers have no time to clean up, and they don't like the smell, so they just burn it."

Cao invent knew in his heart that these methods did not really make garbage "disappear", "scrapped agricultural film is difficult to degrade naturally, and other garbage will only pollute the environment and form a source of disease, endangering the health of ordinary people."

the situation of the two villages is widespread in rural areas everywhere

"the lack of scientific and effective collection facilities, transfer equipment, professional cleaning personnel and recycling system was a true portrayal of the village environment at that time." As the leader of rural waste treatment, the head of the waste Supervision Department of the Municipal Urban Management Bureau said that compared with cities, rural domestic waste treatment is more difficult. On the one hand, rural settlements are scattered, and the cost of garbage collection and transportation is high. On the other hand, the investment in the construction of garbage disposal and incineration facilities is large, and rural financial resources are difficult to afford

b what mode is used

establish a waste treatment system to "slim down" rural waste.

an important reason for the siege of rural domestic waste is the lack of a scientific and effective waste treatment system

"garbage is not collected, or it is not collected in time, and there is no place to deal with it after it is collected, which naturally causes garbage accumulation and affects the environment." Having lived in the countryside for most of his life, Cao Chuang is very familiar with the local situation

last year, our city gradually dismantled garbage collection facilities that did not meet environmental requirements, forcing the source treatment and reconstruction of the collection, transportation and treatment system. Xiangdong village, located at the junction of the city and the suburbs, also took action

"the open-air garbage pool surrounded by bricks not only affects the village appearance, but also is not conducive to garbage collection." Under the leadership of Cao invent, the villagers knocked out 65 garbage pools in the village and replaced them with collection points with covered garbage cans. Each household will distribute small garbage cans. After the garbage cans in the villagers' homes are full, they will be dumped to the collection point

villager zhangshuiliang was hired as a garbage collection specialist. He wandered around the village every day and collected the garbage at the collection point in time. The village also specially purchased a boom mounted garbage truck for this purpose

"when the garbage truck passes through various collection points, the machine arm hooks the garbage can and lifts it up, and the garbage in the garbage can falls into the car. Unlike in the past, the garbage can only be cleared away bit by bit with a shovel. Closed vehicles also put an end to the phenomenon of spilling and leakage during garbage transportation in the past." Cao invent said

the garbage collected needs to be transferred in time. To this end, the local Party committee and government attach great importance to the construction of waste collection and transportation system. A waste transfer station has been built around Qiqiao culvert near Nanzhou town and at the intersection of tianjiawan village and majiawan village for waste transportation in nearby villages and towns in a corrosion-resistant area and township level

"the transferred garbage is sent to Huaxin Cement Plant in Longchuan town. After high-temperature treatment in the cement kiln, it is fully burned, and then processed by crushing, drying, sorting, entering the kiln, etc. in a 16 day cycle, it is transformed into raw materials and fuel for cement production, realizing the harmless disposal of garbage." Feng Nu, the full-time deputy director of the human resources and Environmental Protection Office of Lukou District, said that the project can handle 450 tons of garbage a day and sell 164000 tons of domestic garbage a year

"extensive allocation, key points, step-by-step construction, step-by-step demolition." The exploration of Xiangdong village is an epitome of rural domestic waste treatment in our city. In 2019, 13848 garbage pools were demolished in our city, and the construction of township garbage transfer stations was fully rolled out. 503 garbage transfer vehicles and 2350 garbage collection vehicles were equipped in towns and villages, 488000 new garbage cans (bins) of all kinds were added, and the garbage cans of farmers were equipped to achieve full coverage. An increasingly perfect garbage treatment system was built in the rural areas of our city

c where does the money come from

the government, village collectives and villagers jointly contribute

sanitation facilities, sanitation tools, recycling sites... Every investment is indispensable to the completion of the treatment of rural domestic waste. But there are more than 1000 administrative villages in Zhuzhou City. Where does this fund come from

"our city has established a capital security system with county and urban financial budget expenditure as the main, town and village subsidies, farmers' payments and social funds as the auxiliary, with a total investment of 340million in 2019." The person in charge of the garbage Supervision Department of the Municipal Urban Management Bureau said that among them, farmers' payment is a highlight

since last April, farmers in Dachong village have paid. According to the field investigation, the fee is charged according to the standard of 60/year for each household

at the beginning, many ordinary people also had resistance: "isn't it just to throw away garbage? Its mission of mechanism reconstruction and ecological reconstruction will also help China's industrial economy take off twice? I have lived here for a lifetime, why do I charge now?"

"in fact, this cost is not high, and it is only a small supplement to the waste treatment investment. But the key is that it can cultivate the villagers' awareness of caring for the environment and not littering." Huhao, the first Secretary of Dachong village, said

in order to promote this "garbage revolution", local streets are divided into districts. All Party members and cadres sink into villages and groups. The two committees of village branches, Party members' representatives and village group leaders take the lead in paying health service fees

Dachong village has also introduced many effective "local methods": hiring villagers as cleaners not only beautifies the village environment, but also brings income to the villagers; Write the garbage charging scheme into the village rules and regulations to enhance the villagers' consciousness and supervision; For those whose family conditions are really difficult, they should be reduced or exempted according to the situation to ensure full coverage of all groups

the villagers found that with the implementation of the farmers' payment policy, the environment in the village has indeed changed

"in the past, everyone felt that whether to treat garbage had little to do with themselves. After paying, as long as they saw that the cleaners didn't clean up or there were garbage piles on the road, the villagers would take the initiative to supervise. Over time, not littering became the consensus of the villagers." Hu Hao said that this is also the original intention of promoting villagers' payment

not only Dachong village, our city has vigorously promoted the rural garbage disposal farmers' payment system in accordance with the requirements of "four classifications, three publicity, two separation and one lead". Towns and villages decide the payment standard by themselves, and each household will pay 60 to 200 yuan per year

in 2019, 70% of the administrative villages in the city will be covered by farmers, and the amount of fees will reach 30million, all of which will be used for rural garbage treatment

"this year, we plan to achieve full coverage of farmers' fees, so that caring for the environment and not littering become a good trend in rural areas." The person in charge of the garbage Supervision Department of the Municipal Urban Management Bureau said

on the way back from the interview, smoke curled from the roofs of several farmhouses. The village is shaded by trees, the pond is covered with lotus leaves, and the roads are clean and tidy on both sides. It is a beautiful rural landscape

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